Werribee is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria,
Australia, 32 km south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District.
Its Local Government Area is the City of Wyndham. At the 2011 Census,
Werribee had a population of 37,737.
Werribee is situated on the
Werribee River, approximately halfway between Melbourne and Geelong, on
the Princes Highway. It is the administrative centre of the City of
Wyndham Local Government Area and is the City's most populous centre.
Werribee is considered part of the Greater Melbourne metropolitan area
and is included in the capital's population statistical division.
the 1990s the suburb has experienced rapid suburban growth into
surrounding greenfield land, and becoming a commuter town in the
Melbourne-Geelong growth corridor. Due to this urban sprawl Wyndham and
its suburbs have merged into the Melbourne conurbation.
established as an agricultural settlement in the 1850s, originally named
Wyndham and was renamed Werribee (derived from the aboriginal name
meaning "backbone" or "spine") in 1904.
The suburb is best known
for its major tourist attractions, which include the former estate of
wealthy pastoralist Thomas Chirnside, known as Werribee Park and the
Werribee Open Range Zoo.
The name Werribee is
an aboriginal name meaning "backbone" or "spine". It is thought that
this name was given as the shape of the Werribee River valley and the
landscape look like a backbone. The Werribee River
seems to have provided a boundary between the territories of the
Woiwurong aborigines to the north east and the Wothowurong to the south
west, although other tribal groups visited the area. One of these tribes
was the Yawangi tribe, whose last survivor "King" Bill Leigh died on
Wooloomanata Station (on the Geelong side of the You Yangs) in 1912.
leasing of pastures was led by members of John Batman's Port Phillip
Association. A rural township began in the early 1850s. This village was
named Wyndham (the name of the local Municipality today). The name
derived from a suggestion by the owner of a local village inn, Elliott
Armstrong, who sought to honour Scottish soldier Sir Henry Wyndham. The
Post Office opened on 12 January 1858 as Wyndham and was renamed
Werribee in 1904. However, its adjacent river was called the Werribee
River, and the town's name was later changed to Werribee in 1884, and
the Shire Council at that time was also renamed Werribee in 1909.
at this time was very popular for development. Thomas Chirnside, a
person famous in this area even today, was attracted to the open plain's
suitability for agricultural uses. By 1863 he controlled more than 280
square kilometres around Werribee. Chirnside bought other smaller
holdings of land at this time. The town grew steadily, helped by a
railway line from Melbourne to Geelong, with a station at Werribee in
1857. A religious school was opened in 1855 but was replaced by a public
school in 1861. A Catholic church was also opened in the same year.
October 10 1862, the first Local Council – the Wyndham Road District –
was started, but it was replaced by a Shire Council in 1864.[citation
needed] The Shire was huge, extending from the inner suburbs of
Melbourne to Little River to the northward town of Melton and covering
715 square kilometres.
Between 1860 and 1890, Werribee had two
epicentres, the township and Werribee Park Mansion, owned by Chirnside.
In 1878 a mansion was built and completed in Werribee Park, a major
landmark today. Chirnside's brother Andrew also started to acquire land
around Werribee, enlarging the area to nearly 400 square kilometres.
Chirnside committed suicide in 1887. He was found dead in the laundry
at Werribee Park with a shotgun lying beside him. His brother Andrew
died three years later, and the property was now divided between
Andrew's two sons. A new mansion was built, called "The Manor" (not in
the same place as the current suburb of Manor Lakes).
In 1881 a
quarter of the Shire's population lived in the Werribee Township. There
were hotels there, as well as recreational venues such as the Werribee
Racecourse (built in 1879) as well as the Mechanics' Institute (built in
centre and its Civic Centre (council offices) are located adjacent to
the Princes Highway, known locally as Synnot Street. Major local
arterial roads Derrimut Road and Old Geelong Road (as an extension of
Morris Road) connect the highway to the City of Wyndham's north, as does
Cherry Street. Ballan Road is the major arterial to Wyndham's
The CBD also links with the Princes Freeway via
Duncans Road to the south-east, and via Geelong road (the continuation
of the Princes Highway) to the south west. The Princes Freeway
circumvents the township via a section known as the Maltby Bypass.Public Transport
are two major railway stations in the area - Werribee railway station
and Hoppers Crossing railway station to the east, both part of the
Melbourne metropolitan network. Werribee Station is the terminus of the
Werribee line, but also a stop for VLine services to and from Geelong.
disused station exists on the line near Werribee Racecourse, which at
times has had calls to be reopened. Additionally, tracks have been left
spread apart for a future station near Derrimut Road. Further suburban
stations in the area are also proposed as part of the Regional Rail Link
to be joined with the regional rail network.
An extensive bus
network links Werribee with neighbouring suburbs, with major bus
interchanges at Werribee Station, Werribee Plaza and Hoppers Crossing
Werribee is located in fare Zone 2.
by numerous public, private and Catholic schools, some of which are
combined with secondary education as one P-12 college.
- Werribee Primary
- St Andrews Primary
- Corpus Christi Primary
- Glen Devon Primary (now merged with Glen Orden)
- Wyndham Park Primary (formerly Glen Orden)
- Heathdale Christian College (c.)
- Bethany Catholic Primary
- Westgrove Primary
- Manorvale Primary
- Thomas Chirnside Primary
by a range of public, private and Catholic colleges, also with some
being combined with primary education as one P-12 college.
- Werribee Secondary College
- MacKillop Catholic Regional College
- Heathdale Christian College (c.)
- Galvin Park Secondary College
- Suzanne Cory High School, a new public selective entry school
by a number of university and TAFE campuses, which are all located in
the Werribee Employment Precinct - a large area between the Princes
Highway and Freeway.
- Victoria University, Werribee campus
provides both university and TAFE services, and includes the Industrial
Skills Training Centre
- Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE,
Werribee campus (incorporating the Innoven division and the National
Centre for Dairy Education
- University of Melbourne Faculty of
Veterinary Science, Werribee campus is a specialised training centre and
includes a Veterinary hospital
This information has been sourced from Wikipedia